Berlin boasts some very impressive museums and galleries depicting some very serious and at the same time some very sillier ones. From Hitler’s rule and the cold war and through to current political struggles, this city has all the collections depicting a sense of its rich, complicated and traumatic history. All of the variety is there as you can see old as well as modern museums in Germany’s capital.
UNESCO has preserved Museum Island as a world heritage site where major exhibitions take place. The site contains the Altes Museum (Old one), the Neues Museum (New one), the Bode Museum, the Pergamon Museum and the Alte Nationalgalerie (Old National Gallery).6000 years old of art and culture is preserved in its collection consisted in the buildings. May it works from ancient Egypt, Byzantium or Berlin, everything is there. Let’s go through them one by one.
Altes Museum was designed by Karl Friedrich Schinkel and was opened in 1830 as the first museum of Berlin’s Museum Island. Presently, the exhibitions showing classical antiquity ranging from ancient Greece to the Roman Empire take place. Among them are the notable portrait busts of Caesar and Cleopatra which are the center of attraction for the viewers. The structure houses a nice collection of Etruscan art, the largest outside Italy.
Neues Museums offers a home for thousands of artifacts from earliest history to the current day. It presents collection from the Egyptian Museum and the Papyrus Collection. Although the building was widely smashed up during WW2 and remained a ruin until 1999 but after an in-depth architectural revival, the structure was back to its feet in 2009. The central attraction, besides many others, is the famous bust of ancient Egyptian queen Nefertiti.
Right in the heart of Berlin whose renovation completed in 2005, the Bode Museum offers a huge collection of sculptures from the medieval period to the late eighteenth century. It also contains various treasures from the Museum of Byzantine Art and the Numismatic Collection. Originally known as Kaiser Friedrich’s Museum for European Renaissance art, it was later named after its first director, Wilhelm von Bode in 1956.
Alte Nationalgalerie was opened in 1876 after 10 years of work. It shows paintings and sculptures from the neoclassical period (1815-1848). The enormous collection showcase works of various notable artists as Caspar David Friedrich, Claude Monet, Edouard Manet, Auguste Renoir, Max Liebermann, Lovis Corinth, Adolphe Menzel, Karl Blechen and Karl Friedrich Schinkel.
Out of all other museums, Pergamon Museum remains a focal point, attracting almost one million visitors annually. Designed by architect Alfred Messel, Berlin’s most famous museum currently has three wings while the fourth wing would be added in the future and the final refurbishment would complete by 2033. Currently, Pergamon Altar is closed but the tourists can visit outstanding Ishtar Gate and Processional Way and the striking Roman Market Gate of Miletus. Moreover, a collection of Islamic Art is also preserved remarkably.